Tech mistake |Whenever we discuss the future of electric vehicles, what most people think of is Tesla. But the prospect of EVs is more of technology rather than current popularity.As different automobile companies continue to battle for the mainstream, some EVs companies are rocking at the base of the automobile market.
However, these companies innovate disruptive technology that promises to change the future of Electric vehicles. This same technology is used for golf carts you can see at to Algarve golf courses, and it won’t be surprising if this technology becomes the future of electric cars.
Models of Electric Vehicles
There are three models of electric vehicles around the world. These electric models can be electrically powered-up, while others make use of both electricity and fuel engine.
1) Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle(PHEV)
This model functions with the use of battery and fuel. There is a set of inbuilt rechargeable batteries which can run up to 80miles before the fuel engine is turned on for longer journeys.
PHEVs battery can be recharged through both regenerative brakings or by plugging it into an external source of electrical power. Mercedes C350e, BMW 330e, and Kia Optima are good examples of this model.
2) Battery Electric Vehicle(BEV)
BEV functions totally on a rechargeable battery with no fuel engine. This vehicle store electricity with high voltage battery packs and can be used to power the electric motor and all other onboard functions.
Harmful emission is not a problem with this model as it doesn’t run on fuel engines, unlike vehicles that have the traditional fuel engine. On a full charge, BEV drive ranges between 200-300 miles. Tesla Model S, Toyota RAV4, Nissan leaf are good examples of BEV.
3) Hybrid Electric Vehicles(HEV)
HEV models are powered by using both fuel and electricity. By using the regenerative braking process, electrical energy is generated by the vehicle’s braking system to recharge the battery.
HEV begins the drive with the use of the electric motor. Then, as acceleration increases, the gasoline engine cuts in. This process is controlled by an internal computer and doesn’t need to recharge before it functions. Honda Civic and Toyota Camry are good examples.
Challenges Facing EVs
The general community is gradually accepting EVs, but a few problems must be duly addressed for these vehicles can overhaul the traditional automobiles. Here are five challenges that are facing EVs.
1) Battery Charging and Expense
This challenge is one of the key limiting factors of EVs. The fact that EVs take hours to recharge fully is an issue that could hinder the adoption of electric vehicles. Refueling a traditional car doesn’t take more than 5minutes, but EVs would need at least 4hours to get fully charged.
Therefore, when embarking on long trips, people will have to extend their stay on the road to recharge the batteries. People might also get stranded if the car stops in a place where there is no
2) Energy and Power Capacity
The battery pack’s total energy capacity is what the vehicle runs on, while the acceleration depends on how quickly the energy converts to power.
The cost of these batteries limits the vehicle itself that is why EVs are smaller in size. Once there is an improvement in the price of the battery together with weight and volume, manufacturing bigger EVs will be possible.
3) Prices of Vehicles
The cost of electric vehicles is higher than that of fuel-powered cars, due to the high cost of the batteries, which will aid in better performance for longer trips.
EVs manufacturers are hoping to use future technology to cut down the cost of batteries, which will also affect the price of vehicles running mainly on batteries such as BEVs.As the prices of these vehicles reduce, more people will be able to acquire them.
4) Performance lifespan
For everyday use, there is a cut in the performance lifespan. The driving performance of EVs reduces the usage cycle of the vehicle. Currently, battery technology lasts up to 5years. This lifespan is low compared to new-age vehicles.
The battery management controls how the battery charges and discharges for an extended performance lifespan to control this defect.
5) Drive range is low
Although the drive range one can get with an EV is small, it can improve. On a full charge, some EVs can go 60-100miles, while some can add up between 200-300miles. While people driving within a small town might not mind this drive range, it is not good enough for people on long trips. This limitation needs to be considered if the future of EVs is to be accepted.
Why Golf Carts is the future of EVs
There is a case against electric vehicles when it comes to speed. Electric cars drive are low compared to cars that run mainly on fuel. But, one thing that you must note is the technology that makes these vehicles superior to their traditional counterparts.
For instance, for short trips around a community, they are preferable compared to full-sized cars. They accelerate slowly, no noise pollution, guarantee pedestrian safety, and they are cheap to buy, charge, and maintain.
Golf carts are the new generation of electric vehicles. They can ply public roads. More recently, manufacturers have been improving on this electric vehicle by adding features such as stereos, hard doors, heaters, and defrosters.
Although traditional automobile manufacturers don’t feel threatened by these improvements, they think EV is still very much inferior. But, with each development, EV is gradually finding its way into the heart of even the least automobile users.
As the introduction of electric vehicles continues to surge up, manufacturers must continue to look for ways to improve on the features and performance. The growing demand for electric cars will also push innovators to look for ways to increase the battery capacity with low discharge and reduced cost.
So, in a few years, we will probably be witnessing an overhaul of the automobile market by EVs, which will be sleek and cost-effective, have better technology, and gain wider popularity.